Lessons 1-10

Lesson 4 我要去北京。I'm going to Beijing.

xu means study, and is a common root for many Chinese words. For instance, 学校 xuxio meaning "school" is made of the character 学 xu plus the character for school, 校 xio.  The word "student" is formed by adding the character for "to study" 学 xu with the character for "life", 生 shēng, the same character used in "Mr." 先生 xiānsheng. Thus, 学生 xusheng literally means "study-life" or "study-born".

Another character that you often see is 店 din "store", usually the time of store is defined by the character added to the front of it. For example, the word for "bookstore" 书店 shūdin consists of the character for book, 书 shū plus the character for "store", 店 din. Similarly, a common word for "restaurant" is 饭店 fndin, which is the word for "rice" or "meal" 饭 fn plus the word for store, 店 din.

Example sentences:

去 q Go / 学校 xuxio School / 办公室 bngōngsh Office / 饭店 fndin Restaurant / 茶馆 chguǎn. Tea House
我 要 去 北京。I'm going to Beijing.
Wǒ yo q Běijīng.
I go north-capital.

老师 要 去 学校。The teacher is going to school.
Lǎoshī yo q xuxio.
Old-master go study-school.

我 同学 要 去 书店。My classmate is going to the bookstore.
Wǒ tngxu yo q shūdin.
I-of same-study go book-store.

她 要 去 办公室。She's going to the office.
Tā yo q bngōngsh.
She go manage-public-room.

陈 先生 要 去 茶馆。Mr. Chen is going to the tea house.
Chn xiānsheng yo q chguǎn.
Chen first-born go tea house.

我 朋友 要 去 商店。My friend is going to the store.
Wǒ pngyou yo q shāngdin.
I-of friend go commerce-store.

你 要 去 饭店 吗? Are you going to the restaurant?
Nǐ yo q fndin ma?
You go cooked-rice-store question?

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Sound files for the example sentences:

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Dialogue:

A 陈先生, 您去学校吗?
   Chn xiānsheng, nn q xuxio ma ?
   Mr. Chen, are you going to school?

B 是, 我去学校。你呢?
   Sh, Wŏ q xuxio. Nĭ ne?
   Yes, I am going to school. And you?

A 我去图书馆。再见。
   Wŏ q tshūguăn. Zijin.
   Im going to the library. Goodbye.

B 再见。
   Zijin.
   Goodbye.

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Sound files for the dialogue:

>> Download RL teacher and SS teacher performing this dialogue (right click to save)

>> Download MQ teacher and VG teacher performing this dialogue (right click to save)

Lessons 11-20
Lessons 21-30
Lessons 31-40
Lessons 41-50
Lessons 51-60
Lessons 61-70
Lessons 71-80
Lessons 81-90
Lessons 91-100
Lessons 101-110
Lessons 111-120
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The Mandarin language is not as difficult as you might think. Theres a reason why its the worlds most spoken language! A lingua franca for much of Northern China since the Yuan dynasty, Mandarin has a simple, no-nonsense grammatical system and a vocabulary that builds upon itself. So dont be daunted! You too can speak this beautiful language.