Lesson 1 你是中国人吗? Are you Chinese?
老师 Lǎoshī teacher / 是 shì Is / 中国 zhōngguó China / 美国 měiguó USA
中国 means "China". The word is made up of two characters, 中 zhōng meaning "middle" and 国 guó meaning "country". Thus, the literally translation of 中国 Zhōngguó is "Middle Country", although a more meaningful translation might be "The Central Country". You sometimes see China referred to as "The Middle Kingdom", this is why.Example sentences: 他 是 我 的 老板。He is my boss.
The character 国 guó appears quite often, such as in the name of another country, 美国 or "the USA". 美 měi means "beautiful" and is another high-frequency word. So in Chinese, the name for the United States, 美国 Měiguó, literally means "Beautiful Country".
To say that someone is from a country, simply add 人 rén to the end of the country's name. The character 人 rén means "person" or "people" depending on the context, and looks similar to a profile of a person walking one foot in front of the other. Thus, 中国人 Zhōngguórén means "Chinese person" or "Chinese people", and 美国人 Měiguórén means "American person" or "American people".
Tā shì wǒ de lǎobǎn.
He is I-of old-boss.
我 爸爸 是 商人。My father is a businessperson.
你 是 中国人 吗? Are you Chinese?
你 的 同事 是 美国人 吗? Is your coworker an American?
老师 是 中国人。The teacher is Chinese.
陈 先生 不 是 美国人。Mr. Chen is not American.
那些 学生 是 韩国人。Those students are Korean.
>> Download this as a PDF (right click to save) Sound files for the dialogue: >> Download RL teacher and SS teacher performing this dialogue (right click to save) >> Download MQ teacher and VG teacher performing this dialogue (right click to save)
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