Lessons 1-10

Lesson 12 你去过中国吗? Have you been to China?

大连 Dlin Dalian / 上海 Shnghǎi Shanghai / 北京 Běijīng Beijing
/ 过 gu been to (experienced) /
The character 过 gu means "to pass, or to spend", as in "How did you spend your holiday?" When added to another verb, however, it connotes have done that action in the past. When using 过 gu to describe past actions the emphasis is on having had the experience, in terms of English grammar it is similar to the present perfect tense ("I have been to China. I have read that book. etc.") Of course, "Have you been to XYZ?" is a common question when talking to foreigners, and is a great way to get a real conversation going.

Example sentences:

王 小姐 去过 美国。 Ms. Wang has been to the United States.
Wng xiǎojiě qgu Měigu.
Wang little-big-sister go-experienced beautiful-country.

我 没 去过 美国。 I haven't been to the United States.
Wǒ mi qgu Měigu.
I not go-experienced beautiful-country..

你 去过 中国 吗? Have you been to China?
Nǐ qgu Zhōnggu ma?
You go-experienced middle-country question?

我 没 去过 大连 。 I haven't been to Dalian.
Wǒ mi qgu Dlin.
I not go-experienced Big Connection

我 去过 上海。 I have been to Shanghai.
Wǒ qgu Shnghǎi.
I go-experienced On-the-Sea.

你 去 过 北京 吗? Have you been to Beijing?
Nǐ qgu Běijīng ma?
You go-experienced North-Capital question?

你 去 过 美国 吗? Have you been to the United States?
Nǐ qgu Měigu ma?
You go-experienced beautiful-country question?

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Sound files for the example sentences:

>> Download RL teacher reading these sentences (right click to save)

>> Download JN teacher reading these sentences (right click to save)

>> Download MW teacher reading these sentences (right click to save)


Dialogue:

A 你去过桂林吗?
   Nĭ qgu Guln ma?
   Have you been to Guilin?

B 是, 我去过。
   Sh wŏ qgu.
   Yes, I have been there.

A 你喜欢吗?
   Nĭ xǐhuɑn ma?
   Did you like it?

B 很喜欢。桂林很漂亮。
   Hĕn xǐhuɑn. Guln hĕn pioliɑng
   I liked it a lot. Guilin is very pretty.

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Sound files for the dialogue:

>> Download MQ teacher and VG teacher performing this dialogue (right click to save)

>> Download DL teacher and DP teacher performing this dialogue (right click to save)

Lessons 11-20
Lessons 21-30
Lessons 31-40
Lessons 41-50
Lessons 51-60
Lessons 61-70
Lessons 71-80
Lessons 81-90
Lessons 91-100
Lessons 101-110
Lessons 111-120
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The Mandarin language is not as difficult as you might think. Theres a reason why its the worlds most spoken language! A lingua franca for much of Northern China since the Yuan dynasty, Mandarin has a simple, no-nonsense grammatical system and a vocabulary that builds upon itself. So dont be daunted! You too can speak this beautiful language.